Andijan, Fergana Valley, History, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Babur

Babur (1483-1530) was the ultimate founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a direct descendant of Emperor Tamerlane the Great (Timur) from what is now Uzbekistan. Babur was born in Andijan, today in Uzbekistan and ruled the Fergana Valley from nearby Osh .  He pondered his future on Salaiman Mountain atop which he constructed a mosque and concluded that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes.

Andijan, Fergana Valley, History, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. The founder of empire, Babur, was born in Osh. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (through his son Chagatai Khan) and Tamerlane, but with significant  Indian  Rajput  and  Persian  ancestry through marriage alliances;  only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian.  

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Greco -Bactrian Kingdom (250–125 BCE)

The next major step in the development of the Silk Road was the expansion of the Greek empire of Alexander the Great into Central Asia. In August 329 BC, at the mouth of the Fergana Valley in Tajikistan, he founded the city of Alexandria Eschate or “Alexandria The Furthest”. The Greeks remained in Central Asia for the next three centuries, first through the administration of the Seleucid Empire, and… Continue reading Greco -Bactrian Kingdom (250–125 BCE)

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Transoxania

Transoxiania (also spelled Transoxana), known in Arabic sources as Mā warāʼ an-Nahr [ˈmaː waˈraːʔ anˈnahr] – 'what is beyond the [Oxus] river') and in Persian as Farārūd —'beyond the [Amudarya] river'), is the ancient name used for the portion of Central Asia corresponding approximately with modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and southwest Kazakhstan. Geographically, it is the region between the Amu Darya (Ancient Greek: Oxus and Syr Darya rivers.  The area had been known… Continue reading Transoxania

Bukhara, Chuy, Fergana Valley, History, Jalal-Abad, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Merv, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Talas, Talgar, Taraz, Turkmenistan, Uncategorized, Uzbekistan

Sasanian Empire (224 CE – 651 CE)

The Sasanian Empire was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam and included parts of Turkmenistan,  Uzbekistan,  Tajikistan and Transoxiana. The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical period