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Kazakh Khanate

The Kazakh Khanate was a successor of the Golden Horde existing from the 15th to 19th century, located roughly on the territory of the present-day Kazakhstan. At its height, the khanate ruled from eastern Cumania (modern-day West Kazakhstan) to most of Uzbekistan, Karakalpakstan and the Syr Darya River with military confrontation as far as Astrakhan and Khorasan Province, which are now in Russia and Iran, respectively. Astrakhan is a… Continue reading Kazakh Khanate

Andijan, China, Fergana Valley, History, Jalal-Abad, Kashgar, Khujand, Kokand, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Osh Region, Russia, Tajikistan, Uncategorized, Uzbekistan

Khanate of Kokand

The Khanate of Kokand  (sometimes spelled Khoqand) was a Central Asian state in Fergana Valley that existed from 1709–1876 within the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Uzbekistan  and  Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan. Kokand  is located in eastern Uzbekistan, at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley.   It is the main transportation junction in the Fergana Valley and has a population of about 200,000 .  The city lies… Continue reading Khanate of Kokand

Chuy, History, Horse Back, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Prehistory, Russia, Silk Road, Tian Shan Mountains, Trans Alay Range, Uncategorized

Sintashta Culture

The Sintashta culture is widely regarded as the origin of the Indo-Iranian languages. The earliest known chariots have been found in Sintashta burials, and the culture is considered a strong candidate for the origin of the technology, which spread throughout the Old World and played an important role in ancient warfare.  Sintashta settlements are also remarkable for the intensity of copper mining and bronze metallurgy carried out there, which is unusual for a steppe culture

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Greco -Bactrian Kingdom (250–125 BCE)

The next major step in the development of the Silk Road was the expansion of the Greek empire of Alexander the Great into Central Asia. In August 329 BC, at the mouth of the Fergana Valley in Tajikistan, he founded the city of Alexandria Eschate or “Alexandria The Furthest”. The Greeks remained in Central Asia for the next three centuries, first through the administration of the Seleucid Empire, and… Continue reading Greco -Bactrian Kingdom (250–125 BCE)

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Transoxania

Transoxiania (also spelled Transoxana), known in Arabic sources as Mā warāʼ an-Nahr [ˈmaː waˈraːʔ anˈnahr] – 'what is beyond the [Oxus] river') and in Persian as Farārūd —'beyond the [Amudarya] river'), is the ancient name used for the portion of Central Asia corresponding approximately with modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and southwest Kazakhstan. Geographically, it is the region between the Amu Darya (Ancient Greek: Oxus and Syr Darya rivers.  The area had been known… Continue reading Transoxania

Bukhara, Chuy, Fergana Valley, History, Jalal-Abad, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Merv, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Talas, Talgar, Taraz, Turkmenistan, Uncategorized, Uzbekistan

Sasanian Empire (224 CE – 651 CE)

The Sasanian Empire was the last kingdom of the Persian Empire before the rise of Islam and included parts of Turkmenistan,  Uzbekistan,  Tajikistan and Transoxiana. The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical period