Andijan, China, Fergana Valley, History, Jalal-Abad, Kashgar, Khujand, Kokand, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Osh Region, Russia, Tajikistan, Uncategorized, Uzbekistan

Khanate of Kokand

The Khanate of Kokand  (sometimes spelled Khoqand) was a Central Asian state in Fergana Valley that existed from 1709–1876 within the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Uzbekistan  and  Tajikistan, and southeastern Kazakhstan. Kokand  is located in eastern Uzbekistan, at the southwestern edge of the Fergana Valley.   It is the main transportation junction in the Fergana Valley and has a population of about 200,000 .  The city lies… Continue reading Khanate of Kokand

Almaty, Bishkek, Bukhara, China, Chuy, Fergana Valley, History, Horse Back, Kazakhstan, Kokand, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Samarkind, Taraz, Tian Shan Mountains, Trans Alay Range, Uzbekistan

Russian Conquest of Central Asia

The Russian Conquest of Central Asia took place in the second half of the nineteenth century. The land that became Russian Turkestan and later Soviet Central Asia is now divided between Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan across the center, Kyrgyzstan in the east, Tajikistan in the southeast and Turkmenistan in the southwest. The area was called Turkestan because most of its inhabitants spoke Turkic languages with the exception of Tajikistan, which speaks an Iranian language.

China, Chuy, Fergana Valley, History, Horse Back, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Osh Region, Prehistory, Russia, Silk Road, Tajikistan, Tour, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

Bronze Age in Central Asia

Evidence of wheat, copper and millet gives clues to the first connections between West and East were made in the Bronze Age and archaeologists are finding clues of the specific routes that were taken. A current best guess is for a steppe connection at the beginning of the third millennium BC (3000 BCE) and a ‘silk road’ connection at the end of the 3rd millennium (2000 BCE).  However, a much earlier connection (the sixth millennium BC) is still arguable

Andijan, Fergana Valley, History, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Babur

Babur (1483-1530) was the ultimate founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a direct descendant of Emperor Tamerlane the Great (Timur) from what is now Uzbekistan. Babur was born in Andijan, today in Uzbekistan and ruled the Fergana Valley from nearby Osh .  He pondered his future on Salaiman Mountain atop which he constructed a mosque and concluded that the confines of the Fergana would cramp his aspirations as a descendant of famous conquering warrior princes.

Andijan, Fergana Valley, History, Kyrgyzstan, Osh, Religion, Samarkind, Silk Road, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

Mughal Empire

The Mughal Empire was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526. The founder of empire, Babur, was born in Osh. It was established and ruled by a Muslim dynasty with Turco-Mongol Chagatai roots from Central Asia, claiming direct descent from both Genghis Khan (through his son Chagatai Khan) and Tamerlane, but with significant  Indian  Rajput  and  Persian  ancestry through marriage alliances;  only the first two Mughal emperors were fully Central Asian.