Transoxiania (also spelled Transoxana), known in Arabic sources as Mā warāʼ an-Nahr [ˈmaː waˈraːʔ anˈnahr] – 'what is beyond the [Oxus] river') and in Persian as Farārūd —'beyond the [Amudarya] river'), is the ancient name used for the portion of Central Asia corresponding approximately with modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, southern Kyrgyzstan, and southwest Kazakhstan. Geographically, it is the region between the Amu Darya (Ancient Greek: Oxus and Syr Darya rivers.  The area had been known… Continue reading Transoxania